Acidification of the oceans Rise in sea level Retreat of glaciers Extreme events: floods, drought, storms, fires, etc. 2014-06-05T15:37:44+01:00 /T1_1 1 Tf [(Pre)19.9 (ss,)-337.6 (Cambridge,)-337.6 (UK\). [(106:3349)-89.7 (\2263356. [(18. According to the 2019 Canada’s Changing Climate Report, written by scientists from Environment and Climate Change Canada, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, and Natural Resources Canada, the impacts of climate change on Atlantic Canada will be diverse. q 3.1329 0 Td (19714)Tj [(P)-29.6 (roc)-290.2 (R)-290.2 (Soc)-290.2 (London)-290.2 (Ser)]TJ /T1_1 1 Tf 32.483 0 Td 134 0 obj [(Ocean)-558.8 (Climate)-558.8 (2005)]TJ It is clear that the fast pace of climate change will have far reaching impact on agro-ecosystems and their productivity. -14.2272 -1.237 Td (Science)Tj The Japan Fisheries Research and Education Agency (FRA) and Japanese prefectural institutes of fisheries have monitored oceanic environments, e.g., water temperature, salinity, plankton concentration, etc., and status of marine resources since the 1950s. [(23. Coastal Social–Ecological Systems (SESs) are subject to several stresses, including climate change, that challenge fisheries and natural resource management. /T1_0 1 Tf [(58. [(Fisher)-29.6 (ies)]TJ 11.6624 0 Td )]TJ [(60. (\(2006\))Tj [(P)-29.6 (rog)-337.6 (Oceanog)-29.6 (r)]TJ <> /T1_1 1 Tf Nigeria is a coastal states with growing contribution of inland aquaculture to national development and individual livelihood; thus on the )-423.7 (Pauly)-337.6 (D,)-337.6 (Christensen)-337.6 (V)-337.6 (\(1995\))]TJ (\(2005\))Tj -28.7523 -1.237 Td -1.6883 -1.237 Td 9.75 0 0 6.5 75.7468 39.8835 Tm /T1_1 1 Tf 2020-12-29T15:53:57-08:00 The first chapter “Impacts of climate change on fish communities and foodwebs of Great Lakes, (B)Tj 19.7976 0 Td /T1_0 1 Tf <>stream 1.6883 -1.2143 Td )]TJ )-423.7 (Behrenfeld)-543.4 (MJ,)-543.4 (O\222Malley)-543.4 (RTO,)-543.4 (Siegel)-543.4 (DA,)-543.4 (McClain)-543.4 (CR,)-543.4 (Sar)-29.6 (miento)-543.4 (JL,)]TJ )-423.6 (Wor)-29.6 (m)-301.1 (B,)-301.1 (Barbier)-301.1 (EB,)-301.1 (Beaumont)-301.1 (N,)-301.1 (Duf)-29.6 (f)-29.6 (y)-301.1 (JE,)-301.1 (Folke)-301.1 (C,)-301.1 (Halpern)-301.1 (BS,)-301.1 (Jackson)]TJ 23.8575 0 Td [(61:1558)-89.7 (\2261564. [(14. )Tj global hydrologic regimes and thermal regimes will impact the majority of aquatic ecosystems, including those that support freshwater fisheries. )-423.6 (Diederich)-278 (S,)-278 (Nehls)-278 (G,)-278 (van)-278 (Beusek)-29.6 (om)-278 (JEE,)-278 (Reise)-278 (K)-278 (\(2005\))]TJ -30.7925 -1.237 Td However, there is strong global evidence for these effects. )-423.7 (Frank)-337.6 (KT,)-337.6 (Petrie)-337.6 (BD,)-337.6 (Choi)-337.6 (JS,)-337.6 (Leggett)-337.6 (WC)-337.6 (\(2005\))]TJ 17.1952 0 Td 6.2321 0 Td 3.8305 0 Td endobj [(15:230)-89.7 (\226243. 9.085 0 Td uuid:5dae4d78-048b-7f41-803d-67170dbd4668 [(13. /T1_0 1 Tf [(J)-337.6 (Plankton)-337.6 (Res)]TJ 2.431 0 Td 31.7399 0 Td ���� JFIF � � ��.Exif MM * b j( 1 r2 ��i � � � � Adobe Photoshop 7.0 2004:09:28 15:23:20 � � &� _ ( & H H ��TPhotoshop 3.0 8BIM% 8BIM� x H H d dg(� H H �( d � h � 8BIM� � � 8BIM&. Projected impacts on fisheries and aquaculture are negative 16.1069 0 Td [(16. 19.7976 0 Td [(Capture)-271.9 (Fisher)-49.9 (y)-271.9 (Statistics)-271.9 (in)-271.9 (the)-271.9 (Mekong)-271.9 (Basin)]TJ 6.5115 0 Td -13.2041 -1.2386 Td (\(2006\))Tj Sea ice will become thinner and form for much shorter periods of the year. 2014-06-05T15:37:42+01:00 )-423.7 (Goldburg)-329.1 (RJ,)-329.1 (Elliot)-329.1 (MS,)-329.1 (Naylor)-329.1 (R)-59.6 (L)-329.1 (\(2001\))]TJ -29.8115 -1.2143 Td -25.8322 -1.2143 Td [(\(FAO,)-337.6 (Rome\). )]TJ [0.1 (,)-337.6 (in)-337.7 (pre)19.9 (ss. endobj carried out an assessment of climate change vulnerability of the fisheries sector at the national level across 173 countries, based on 35 indicators across the components of exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity. )-423.7 (Curr)-59.6 (y)-337.6 (R,)-337.6 (Mauritzen)-337.6 (C)-337.6 (\(2005\))]TJ /GS1 gs -1.6883 -1.2143 Td )]TJ /T1_0 1 Tf /T1_0 1 Tf uuid:2fc36a85-1dd2-11b2-0a00-900000000000 1.6883 -1.237 Td / -4.2685 -1.2386 Td [(32. -1.6883 -1.237 Td 10.8918 0 Td Ocean and Fisheries Economics . )]TJ 6.3207 0 Td )-423.6 (Hofmann)-337.6 (E,)-337.6 (Ford)-337.6 (S,)-337.6 (Powell)-337.6 (E,)-337.6 (K)-29.6 (linck)-337.6 (J)-337.6 (\(2001\))]TJ The first paper reviews the physical and ecological impacts of climate change relevant to marine and inland capture fisheries and aquaculture. )-423.7 (Jensen)-337.6 (AS)-337.6 (\(1939\))]TJ )-423.7 (Po)527.3 (\250)-22.3 (rtner)-337.6 (H-O,)-337.6 (K)-29.6 (nust)-337.6 (R)-337.6 (\(2007\))]TJ Impacts of climate change differ significantly among the sectors discussed (agriculture, fisheries and non-commercial food supply), but common challenges did emerge, including threats to food supply from increased losses from invasive pests and diseases, and risks to the transportation systems upon WHAT IMPACT DOES CLIMATE CHANGE HAVE ON SPECIES? /T1_0 1 Tf -30.5343 -1.237 Td 17 The Impact of Climate Change on Marine and Inland Fisheries and Aquaculture in India 569 Bimal Mohanty, Elayaperumal Vivekanandan, Sasmita Mohanty, Arabinda Mahanty,Raman Trivedi, Manoj Tripathy and Jnanendra Sahu. /T1_0 1 Tf <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/TrimBox[9 9 603 792]/Type/Page>> [(103:8425\226)-89.7 (8429. /T1_1 1 Tf [(434:628)-89.7 (\226)-89.7 (633. (Nature)Tj 15.478 0 Td 7.0543 0 Td It has been estimated that ecosystem services of the east coast of India will reduce by 25% in 25 years, resulting in cumulative loss of US$17 billion. ET climate change is and its impact on agriculture, the main focus of the discussion is on presenting the voices of small scale farmers in Tanzania indicating what they perceive to be the impact of climate change on agricultural production, different challenges they face and how they cope with the changes. At the national level, climate change can impact the level of revenues, exports, per capita fish supply, and contributions of the fisheries sector to employment and GDP. )Tj xmp.iid:3581bd56-9811-488e-959c-938fb9a51a98 )-423.7 (Sar)-29.6 (miento)-345.8 (JL,)-345.8 (Slater)-345.8 (R,)-345.8 (Barber)-345.8 (R,)-345.8 (Bopp)-345.8 (L,)-345.8 (Doney)-345.8 (SC,)-345.8 (Hirst)-345.8 (AC,)-345.7 (K)-29.6 (leypas)-345.8 (J,)]TJ (460:195\226212. [(55. 3.2019 0 Td [(Res)-337.6 (Lett)]TJ 19.4528 0 Td -27.0513 -1.2143 Td Drivers include rising water temperature, rising levels of carbon dioxide (CO 2) uptake from the atmosphere and hypoxia (inadequate oxygen). 4.2685 0 Td /T1_4 1 Tf [(31. -1.6883 -1.2143 Td IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON FISHERIES AND LIVESTOCK A primary impact of climate change will be frequent cyclonic events, inland and coastal flooding, low flows of water and droughts, salinity intrusion, changes of the river bed level due to sedimentation and changes in morphological processes. [(Impacts,)-293.4 (Adaptation,)-293.4 (and)-293.4 (Vulnerabilit)-59.6 (y)-293.4 (Contr)-29.6 (ibution)-293.4 (of)-293.4 (Working)-293.4 (Group)-293.4 (II)-293.4 (to)-293.4 (the)]TJ -19.3088 -1.237 Td Science-based fishery management is the accepted cornerstone of sustainable fisheries in Alaska, and fishermen attending the meeting accepted the data and the decision. )-423.7 (Sano)-337.6 (M)-337.6 (\(2004\))]TJ 20 0 obj (doi)Tj /T1_1 1 Tf )-423.6 (Friedland)-256.5 (KD,)-256.5 (Reddin)-256.5 (DG,)-256.5 (McMenemy)-256.5 (JR,)-256.5 (Drinkwater)-256.5 (KF)-256.5 (\(2003\))]TJ [(19. 1.6883 -1.2143 Td -29.1974 -1.2143 Td default )]TJ in Ontario is needed. -13.9961 -1.237 Td The impacts of climate change on freshwater biodiversity are highly uncertain (Allan et al., 2005). 9.7566 0 Td /T1_1 1 Tf /T1_0 1 Tf /T1_0 1 Tf [(34. [(42. /T1_1 1 Tf 30.7925 0 Td 14 0 obj 21.7462 0 Td 28.4388 0 Td -8.292 -1.2386 Td -27.165 -1.2143 Td 11.8412 0 Td endobj )]TJ 76 0 obj 60 0 obj )-423.7 (Nissling)-337.6 (A,)-337.6 (L)-29.6 (arsson)-337.6 (R,)-337.6 (Vallin)-337.6 (L,)-337.6 (Frohlund)-337.6 (K)-337.7 (\(1998\))]TJ 4.0092 0 Td -1.6883 -1.2143 Td <>stream [(30. -1.6883 -1.237 Td T* False and life as a result of climate change Concerted global action is needed to enable developing countries to adapt to the effects of climate change that are happening now and will worsen in the future. /T1_1 1 Tf )-423.7 (Feely)-364 (R)-59.6 (A,)-364 (Sabine)-364 (CL,)-364 (Lee)-364 (K,)-364 (Berelson)-364 (W,)-364 (K)-29.6 (leypas)-364 (J,)-364 (Fabr)-59.6 (y)-364 (VJ,)-364 (Millero)-364 (FJ)]TJ /T1_1 1 Tf 1.6883 -1.2143 Td (296:1692\2261694. )Tj 0 -1.2386 TD -31.1152 -1.237 Td The most confident projections on /T1_0 1 Tf climate policy discussions, the effects of climate change on fisheries resources - and the implications for health and livelihoods in the developing world - have been largely ignored (Dulvy & Allison, 2009). [(Schmid)-337.6 (B)-337.6 (\(2006\))]TJ -21.9278 -1.2143 Td )-423.6 (Ottersen)-242.3 (G,)-242.3 (Hjer)-29.6 (mann)-242.3 (D\330,)-242.3 (and)-242.3 (Stenset)-242.3 (NC)-242.3 (\(2006\))]TJ )Tj 27.0513 0 Td 46 0 obj /T1_1 1 Tf (Science)Tj Climate change is directly affecting the fisheries and aquaculture sector by modulation of physiology, behavior, distribution and migration pattern, reproductive capacity and mortality. [(ICES)-363.2 (Repor)-29.6 (t)-363.2 (on)]TJ 6.9614 0 Td -1.6883 -1.2386 Td )]TJ 1.1834 -1.2143 Td )-423.7 (Graham)-364.8 (NAJ,)-364.8 (Wilson)-364.8 (SK,)-364.8 (Jenn)-29.6 (ings)-364.8 (S,)-364.8 (Polun)-29.6 (in)-364.8 (NVC,)-364.8 (Bijoux)-364.8 (JP,)-364.8 (Robinson)-364.8 (J)]TJ /T1_0 1 Tf /T1_1 1 Tf )]TJ )-423.6 (Brander)-340.5 (KM,)-340.5 (Blom)-340.5 (G,)-340.5 (Borge)19.9 (s)-340.5 (MF,)-340.5 (Erzin)-29.6 (i)-340.5 (K,)-340.5 (Henderson)-340.5 (G,)-340.5 (MacKenzie)-340.5 (BR,)]TJ Yield and alter the composition of many fisheries around the world Extreme events: floods drought! Of these changes on potential food production is unknown shariful Islam Scientific Officer Bangladesh fisheries Research Institute BFRI. Reflect climate change affects almost every aspect of our lives from water supply and agriculture homes! The world ’ s oceans increase resilience in a changing climate impacts remain largely unknown TJ -1.6883 Td! 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